Anatomy Of Knee Joint

Knee joint is the largest and the most complex joint of the body. It is a hinge type synovial joint. It consists of .... Two condylar joints - Between femur and tibia One sellar joint - Between femur and patella Compartments  Knee joint has two articular compartments. Tibiofemoral Medial and…

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The Salivary Glands

There are three large paired salivary glands and several small salivary glands that open into the oral cavity Parotid gland Submandibular gland Sublingual gland Parotid Gland Largest of all salivary glands Location : Overlies the ramus of the mandible ; Anterior and inferior to the external auditory canal ; Filling the…

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Internal Carotid Artery – Overview

Major branch of common carotid artery Origin - From common carotid artery Carotid burfucation occurs at the upper border of the thyroid cartilage (C3 - C4) Passes superiorly to enter the brain There are two internal carotid arteries (One in either side) Via carotid canal it enter into the skull…

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Surgical Anatomy Of Femur – Overview

Femur is the largest and the strongest bone of your body. 45 cm in length.  Upper end of femur Rounded head  Articulates with the acebabulum and form a ball and socket type joint Femoral head forms 2/3rd of a sphere Covered by a cartilage except at the central fovea where…

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Embrology And Anatomy Of Parathyroid Glands – Overview

Parathyroid Gland Small endocrine glands that are located in the anterior aspect of the neck. Approximately 3x4x5 mm in size and typically weighs around 25 - 40 mg Parathyroid gland produce parathyroid hormone which are responsible for calcium homeostasis Development Of Parathyroid Glands Begins at 5th week of gestation  Developed…

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Embryology And Surgical Anatomy Of Testis And Scrotum – Overview

Testicular Embryology Initially the gonads are similar in both sexes Developed from the (mesoderm) mesonephric / wolffian ducts SRY gene on the Y chromosome                  ↓  Activation of testicular determining factor and series of hormones                …

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Hernias With Related Anatomy

Hernia is a protrusion of a viscus or part of a viscus through its' normal anatomical cavity. Out of all hernias, groin hernias are the commonest (Inguinal hernia and femoral hernia) To learn the basics of hernia, please read this article. Groin Hernias There are two types of groin hernias.…

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Nerves Of The Lower Limb – Overview

This article is comprised of a  summary of the important lower limb nerves, which includes.... Femoral nerve Obturator nerve Sciatic nerve Common peroneal / Common fibular nerve Deep peroneal / Deep fibular nerve Superficial peroneal / Superficial fibular nerve Femoral nerve Nerve roots L2, L3, L4 Branches  Anterior division Medial…

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Compartments Of The Lower Limb – Overview

Lower limb is divided into three compartments in the thigh and in the lower leg. Compartments Of The Thigh Divided into three compartments Each compartment has a common function, supplying nerve and a blood vessel Download the below figure from here   Anterior Compartment (Femoral) Muscles Quadriceps femoris Rectus femoris…

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Stroke By Anatomy And Circulation – At A Glance

According to WHO, a Stroke is defined as "rapidly developed clinical signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral function, lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death, with no apparent cause other than of vascular origin" Simply in other words, its a medical condition that occurs due to death…

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